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The Sumerians - Queen Pu-Abi > The Sumerians - Queen Pu-Abi  |  Print  |  E-mail a friend
The Sumerians lived in the lower Mesopotamia between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris from the middle of the 4th millennium BC until about 1792 B.C. They soon learned to form gold, silver, copper and bronze into useful artefacts.

Several hoards have been excavated at the royal cemetery in Ur. Many necklaces and other jewellery, boxes and statues were found, all richly adorned with lapis and gold like this necklace.

Like the Egyptians, the Sumerians loved the blue lapis lazuli and polished gold. The story of our lapis necklace is fascinating because it was found in a tomb with a cruel history. It has been documented that the queen at her death was buried with living slaves, noble women and soldiers. It all happened in the city of Ur.

The Sumerians lived in the oldest city communities in the world. There were about 20 city states in Sumer. Akkad and Ur were the most important. Ur is mentioned in the Bible and Abraham was born there 1800 BC.

Ur was excavated in 1922-34 by the English archaeologist Sir Leonard Woolley. Just outside the city wall was an old dump. Here the people of Ur used to throw their garbage and it was here that Woolley found 2,000 graves. 17 of them were different from the others. They were either very big with walled-up grave houses deep in the ground or they were tombs with costly grave offerings.


Illustration: Queen Pu-Abis Necklace

 Sumerian Graves
 The Queen´s Grave
 Human Sacrifice


Museum Jewellery - c/o Skindsmedene  -  Klosterstraedet 14  -  1157 Copenhagen K
Tel. +45 3393 9396 (after 12.00 p.m. CET)  -  Fax. + 45 3332 9394  -  E-mail: sus@skindsmedene.dk  -  CVR-number: 27098347